CYT-1010 hydrochloride is a mu-opioid receptor agonist extracted from patent WO2013173730A2, with EC50s of 13.1 nM and 0.0053 nM on beta-arrestin recruitment and inhibition of cAMP production, respectively. 了解更多
GSK1521498 free base is a potent and selective μ-opioid receptor (MOR) antagonist. GSK1521498 free base is being used for the treatment of disorders of compulsive consumption of food, alcohol, and drugs. 了解更多
Preeti Manandhar, .et al. Tapentadol shows lower intrinsic efficacy at μ receptor than morphine and oxycodone, Pharmacol Res Perspect, 2022, 10:e00921 PMID: 35084120
Li He, .et al. Pharmacological and genetic manipulations at the ?-opioid receptor reveal arrestin-3 engagement limits analgesic tolerance and does not exacerbate respiratory depression in mice, Neuropsychopharmacology, 2021, 13 July PMID: 34257415
BTRX-335140 (CYM-53093) is a potent and selective, orally active κ opioid receptor (KOR) antagonist, has antagonist activity for κOR, μOR and δOR with IC50 values of 0.8 nM, 110 nM, and 6500 nM, respectively. 了解更多
Trimebutine Maleate is a drug with antimuscarinic and weak mu opioid agonist effects. Trimebutine Maleate modulates the calcium and potassium channels, relieves abdominal pain in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. 了解更多
Alexander R French, .et al. Sex- and β-arrestin-dependent effects of kappa opioid receptor-mediated ethanol consumption, Pharmacol Biochem Behav, 2022, May;216:173377 PMID: 35364122
Wen-Wen Zhang, .et al. Peripheral ablation of type III adenylyl cyclase induces hyperalgesia and eliminates KOR-mediated analgesia in mice, JCI Insight, 2022, Feb 8;7(3):e153191 PMID: 34914639
A Dunn, .et al. Modulation of Cocaine-Related Behaviors by Low Doses of the Potent KOR Agonist Nalfurafine in Male C57BL6 Mice, Psychopharmacology (Berl), 2020, May 20 PMID: 32435819
Dunn AD, .et al. Signaling Properties of Structurally Diverse Kappa Opioid Receptor Ligands: Toward in Vitro Models of in Vivo Responses, ACS Chem Neurosci, 2019, Aug 21;10(8):3590-3600 PMID: 31313902
Anika Mann, .et al. Agonist-selective NOP receptor phosphorylation correlates in vitro and in vivo and reveals differential post-activation signaling by chemically diverse agonists, Sci Signal, 2019, Mar 26;12(574). pii: eaau8072 PMID: 30914485
Snyder LM, .et al. Kappa Opioid Receptor Distribution and Function in Primary Afferents, Neuron, 2018, Sep 19;99(6):1274-1288.e6 PMID: 30236284
Lihao Gu, .et al. 10-Hydroxy-2-Decenoic Acid in Royal Jelly Extract
Induced Both Filaggrin and Amino Acid in a Cultured Human Three-Dimensional Epidermis Model, Cosmetics, 2017, 4(4), 48
Toshio Yawata, .et al. Brain opioid and nociceptin receptors are involved in regulation of bombesin-induced activation of central sympatho-adrenomedullary outflow in the rat, Mol Cell Biochem, 2016, Jan;411(1-2):201-11 PMID: 26427671
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12) Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution
The Adooq dilution calculator is a useful tool which allows you to calculate how to dilute a stock solution of known concentration. Enter C1, C2 & V2 to calculate V1.
The dilution calculator equation
The Adooq dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration(start) x Volume(start) = Concentration(final) x Volume(final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2
An example of a dilution calculation using the Adooq dilution calculator
What volume of a given 10 mM stock solution is required to make 20ml of a 50 μM solution?
Using the equation C1V1 = C2V2, where C1=10 mM, C2=50 μM, V2=20 ml and V1 is the unknown:
Enter 10 into the Concentration (start) box and select the correct unit (millimolar)
Enter 50 into the Concentration (final) box and select the correct unit (micromolar)
Enter 20 into the Volume (final) box and select the correct unit (milliliter)
The answer of 100 microliter (0.1 ml) appears in the Volume (start) box
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution
The Adooq molarity calculator is a useful tool which allows you to calculate the:
mass of a compound required to prepare a solution of known volume and concentration
volume of solution required to dissolve a compound of known mass to a desired concentration
concentration of a solution resulting from a known mass of compound in a specific volume
The molarity calculator equation
The Adooq molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) x Volume (L) x Molecular Weight (g/mol)
An example of a molarity calculation using the Adooq molarity calculator
What is the mass of compound required to make a 10 mM stock solution in 10 ml of water given that the molecular weight of the compound is 197.13 g/mol?
Enter 197.13 into the Molecular Weight (MW) box
Enter 10 into the Concentration box and select the correct unit (millimolar)
Enter 10 into the Volume box and select the correct unit (milliliter)
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